Moulana Sheikh Nazim says of Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral),
Pillar. He is the main Pillar for our Tariqa. May Allah bless him and give his blessing to
all of us in this world and in the hereafter. Shah Naqshaband says “Thareeqathun
isthufal khalqa jamee-an”. We are trying to be followers and to follow. It is a lovely and
easy way to power. There is an engine running in front of the train. All heavy work is
done by that engine. Behind this engine there are several other wagons that are
joined to each other in a chain, but the main power comes through that engine, the one
that is in front of the train. As the other wagons are joined to the engine, they move
with the engine. Where the engine goes it takes along the wagons. Even though the
wagons or the followers have no power of their own, where the engine goes, they too
can travel. They can also travel to the destination of the engine. Therefore, every
Tariqat has an Imam of the Tariqat.” The Imam-ut-Tariqa has been given the power to
carry people from Asfala safileena ilaa a’laa illiyyeen – from the lowest to the highest
stations. By ourselves to achieve this is impossible. You cannot fly without a plane.
However with a plane you can even go from one continent to another. Therefore, you
must use these means to go from your low level to the higher levels”
Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral) was born in the village of Qasr al-Arifan near
Bukhara in the year 711 AH/1317 CE. He is reported to have had miraculous powers
even during his childhood. When he was still a youth Muhammad Baba as Samasi, a
Sheikh of the Naqshabandi Tariqa asked for him and to fulfill this request he went to
the village of Samas in order to serve him. Of this period of time Shah Bahauddin (ral),
has this to say,
“Rising in the morning hours at least three hours before fajr I would perform the sunnah
prayers and thereafter in the position of sajda (prostration) ask Allah Almighty to give
me the power to carry the pain of His Divine love. Thereafter I would pray salat ul fajr
with my Sheikh. It seems that my Sheikh was aware of my supplication, for he told me,
“You will have to change your method of supplication as Allah Almighty does not like His
servants to ask for difficulties. He might however in order to test his creatures give
them some difficulties. This is different. The servant should not however ask to be in
difficulties because this will not be showing proper respect to Allah Almighty. Therefore
change your supplication and instead say “to this weak servant of Yours, oh my Lord
grant Your pleasure”.
“After the death of Sheikh Muhammad Baba Samasi I went to Bukhara and also got
married there. I lived in Qasr al-Arifan near Seyyid Amir Kulal in order to serve him.” It
is related that Sheikh Baba Samasi had a long time ago told Seyyid Amir Kulal to take
good care of Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband.
Shah Bahauddin (ral) relates of a vision that he had. “When I was in seclusion with a
friend of mine the heaven suddenly opened and a great vision came to me. In this
vision I heard a voice say, “Leave everyone and come to Our Presence alone”. I
began to tremble and ran away from that place to where there was a river and threw
myself into it. I washed my clothes and then prayed two rakaat’s of prayer in a manner
that I had never prayed before as I felt that I was praying in the very Divine Presence.
Unveiling was taking place in my heart and it was opening to everything. The entire
universe vanished and I was not conscious of anything other than praying in His Divine
There is also a very unusual story about this very great saint Shah Bahauddin
Naqshaband (ral). Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral) relates about this incident, “At
the beginning of my state of attraction I was asked as to why I was entering on this
path. I answered “so that whatever I say and want will happen” I was answered, “It
cannot be like that, whatever We say and whatever We want is what will happen” to
which I replied, “I cannot agree to that”. I must be able to say and to do whatever I like;
if this is not going to be the way then I have no need for this path”. Then I received the
answer, “no it is whatever We desire to be said and whatever We desire to be done,
that must be said and done”. To this I replied again “whatever I say and whatever I do
should be the way”. After this I was left alone.
For fifteen days I was left alone. This made me go into a deep state of depression.
Then suddenly to my joy I heard a voice saying, “Oh Bahauddin, it is as you wish We
will grant to you whatever that you wish”. I asked for my wish which was “give me a way
which will lead all who travel on it directly to the Divine Presence.” Then I experienced
a great vision and heard “You have been granted what you have asked for”. This story
is unusual as everyone complies with the Divine Orders and does not ask for what they
wish. Generally it would be considered discourteous to refuse to accept the Divine
Orders and insist on wanting what one wants. Yet after the initial refusal Shah
Bahauddin (ral) was granted his request. It may be that because he asked on behalf of
others and not for himself that what he wanted was granted. This then was the
consideration that Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral) had for others and this we
assumed was the reason that this request was granted.
There is another interesting story about how Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral) was
tested by his Sheikh. This test was a heavy one. Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral)
relates this incident, “Once I was in a state of divine attraction where I was not
conscious of myself and I was moving about not knowing what I was doing. At nightfall I
found myself bleeding in both my feet which were torn and pricked with thorns. Then I
felt that I should go to the house of my Sheikh, Seyyid Amir Kulal. It was biting cold in
the night and the night too was dark with no moon or stars. To prevent the cold I had
nothing on me but an old leather cloak. Then I arrived at my sheikh’s house and saw
him together with his friends and followers. He saw me and told his followers, “take him
out of my house, I do not wanting him in my house”, so the followers came and put me
out of the house. I could not bear it”.
“I felt that my ego was going to defeat me and that it would take over my feelings by
trying to poison me concerning the trust I had in my Sheikh. How could I carry this
disgrace and humiliation? Then the Divine Mercy came upon me which made me able
to carry this insult in the cause of Allah and in the cause of my Sheikh. I firmly told my
ego, “I am not going to allow you to make me lose the love and trust for my Sheikh”.
“I then felt a deep depression overcome me. I held fast to the state of humbleness, put
my head down on the entrance of my Sheik’s house and swore that I would not remove
it from there until he accepted me one more time. I could feel the snow and the cold
wind going right through my bones which were making me shiver and tremble in this
cold dark night. There was not even the light of the moon or the stars for consolation
and warmth. I almost froze. It was only the warmth of the love that I had for Allah
Almighty and my Sheikh that kept me warm.”
“I waited in this condition until the break of day. Then my Sheikh stepped out and
without seeing me his foot trod on my head. When my sheikh saw that this was me, he
quickly took me into his house and with great concern and care he started pulling out
the thorns from my feet, he said “Oh my son you have been today dressed with the
dress of happiness and the dress of Divine Love. This dress which your have been
adorned with neither my Sheikh before me nor I have been dressed in such a manner.
Allah is happy with you and the Prophet Muhammad (sal)is happy with you. The Saints
of the Golden Chain are also all happy with you”.
“While pulling the thorns out of my feet and washing my wounds my Sheikh poured into
my heart such knowledge that I had never before experienced. Then in a vision I saw
myself entering into the secret of Muhammad ur Rasolullah. This was entering into the
secret of the verse that is the Reality of Muhammad. Thereafter this led me on to enter
into the secret of la ilaha illallah which is the secret of the Uniqueness of Allah. This in
turn led me to enter the secrets of Allah Almighty’s names and attributes that are in the
secret of the Oneness of Allah. It is not possible for words to explain this state. This
can only be experienced by tasting through the heart”.
Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral) was trained by Baba as Samasi and Seyyid Amir
Kulal both of whom are great Sheikhs of the Golden Chain of the Naqshbandi order.
He was also trained by another very big Grandsheikh of this very same Golden Chain.
This incident is referred to by Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband in the following story, “At
the start of my journey on the Sufi way I used to wander at night from one place to
another in the suburbs of Bukhara. In order to learn a lesson from the dead I used to
visit many cemeteries in the darkness of night and this was also specially during the
winter. One night I went over to visit the burial place of Sheikh Ahamed al Kashghari
and to recite fatiha for him. When I went to his grave I found there two men waiting for
me. I had never met them before. They had a horse with them. They made me sit on
the horse and tied on my belt two swords, then they directed this horse to the tomb of
Sheikh Mazdakhin. We then dismounted from our horses and entered the tomb and
the mosque of this sheikh and started meditation.
“While meditating I saw in a vision the wall facing the kabah come crashing down. A big
made man was seated on a huge throne. He was gigantic. I felt familiar with him as if I
had met him before. Whichever way I turned my face I would see this person. Around
this person were my Sheikhs Baba Samasi and Seyyid Amir Kulal together with a large
crowd. I felt a love for this huge man and at the same time I felt afraid of him. I had
awe and fear of his presence and love and attraction for his beauty. I was asking
myself who could this great and gigantic man be. Suddenly I heard a person from the
crowd around this man saying “this man is your Sheikh and he looked after you on your
spiritual path. He looked at your soul when it was still an atom in the Divine Presence.
You have been under his training. His name is Abdul Khaliq Al Gujadawani and the
crowd that you see around him are the Saints who carry his great secrets, the secrets
of the Golden Chain. Then this Sheik began to point to each Sheikh and say, “this is
Sheik Ahmed, this is Arif Rawakri, this is Sheikh Ali Ramitani, this is your Sheikh Baba
as Samasi who gave you his cloak during his lifetime. He asked me, “Do you know
him”. I replied “yes”. Then he said, “The cloak that he gave you is still in your house
and with his blessings Allah Almighty has removed from you many troubles”.
“Then another voice said “the Sheikh who is sitting on the throne will be teaching you
something that you will need while traveling on this path. I asked them whether they
would allow me to touch his hand. This was allowed and I took his hand. Then he
began to tell me about the path, its beginning, middle and end”. He said, “You have to
adjust the wick of yourself so that the light of the invisible can be strengthened in you
and its secrets can be seen. You have to show constancy and you have to keep firmly
the Divine Law of the Prophet Muhammed (sal) in all your states”. He also said, “You
have to dispense with comfort and keep away from innovation and make your kiblah the
traditions of the Prophet Muhammad (sal). You have to go into and investigate the life
of the Prophet Muhammed (sal)and his companions. You must ask people to read and
to follow the Quran both during the day and night and to do the compulsory prayers
and all the sunnah worship. Do not overlook even the tiniest thing of the Prophet
Muhammad’s (sal) deeds and good works”.
“As soon as Abd al-Khaliq al-Ghujadawani (ral) finished, his khalifs told me “so that you
can be certain of this vision he will be sending you a sign”. He was told that certain
things and incidents would happen and as to what he had to do, as and when they
happened. Likewise these incidents took place in the manner described to him and
Shah Bahauddin (ral) also acted in the manner that he was instructed to act, thus
fulfilling the truth of this vision. He was also asked to take the cloak of Azizan to Seyyid
Amir Kulal (ral). After this vision ended I went to my house on the next day and looked
for the cloak and asked my family as to its whereabouts. They told me, “it has been
here for a long time”, and brought and gave it to me. I started crying inside when I saw
After the fulfillment of all the things that was said in his vision, as ordered I took the
cloak of Azizan to Sheikh Seyyid Amir Kulal (ral) and gave it to him. After some silence
Sheikh Amir Kulal told me, “I was told about this cloak of Azizan last night and that you
would bring it to me. I have been ordered to keep it in ten different layers of covering”.
He then asked me to come into his room and taught me and placed in my heart the
silent zikr. I was asked to keep to this zikr day and night. I kept to this silent zikr which
is the highest form of zikr. I also went to the external scholars to study the Divine Law
and the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad (sal) and also to study about the
character of the Prophet Muhammad (sal)and his companions. I followed the orders
that were given to me in my vision and my life took on a big change. All what was
taught to me by Sheikh Abd al-Khaliq al-Gujadawani (ral) in the vision benefited me and
bore fruit. His spirit always accompanied me and taught me”. Sheikh Abd al-Khaliq al-
Ghujadawani (ral) was also one of the masters of Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral)
although he lived a long time before the time of Shah Naqshaband (ral). This
connection is known as the Uvaisi Connection which means that the guide is spiritually
connected and guides, although he is from another time. Sheikh Abd al-Khaliq al-
Ghujadawani (ral) is also a Master of the Golden Chain of Masters.
Shah Bahauddin Naqshband (ral) also followed and learned from Mawlana Arif ad-Din
Karani for a period of seven years. After which he followed Mawlana Kuthum Shaykh
for many years. He also kept the company of Dervish Khalil Ghirani about whom he
said, “in his company new unseen knowledge was opened to my heart and he always
looked after me, praised me and lifted me up”. There was another lover of Allah about
whom Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral) talks, “He ordered me to help and serve the
poor and needy and to help the broken hearted. He asked me to be humble and to
keep to tolerance. He also told me to take care of animals and to cure their deceases
and to clean their wounds and also to help them find their food”.
Shah Bahauddin Naqshband (ral) refers to another incident regarding the cloak of
Azizan. “One day I was in my garden and around me were my disciples. I was wearing
the cloak of Azizan. I suddenly felt overwhelmed by heavenly blessings and attraction
and I felt that I was adorned and dressed with Allah Almighty’s attributes. I began
shaking in a way that I had never experienced before so much so that I could not
remain standing. I then saw a great vision in which I was totally annihilated and I could
not see anything other than the Existence of my Lord.
Then I saw myself coming out from His Divine Presence reflected through the mirror of
Muhammad ur Rasoolullah which was in the form of a star in an ocean of light without
beginning and without end. My external life ceased to be and I saw the meaning of la
ilaha illallah Muhammad ur Rasoolullah. This in turn led me to the meaning of the
Essence of the name “Allah” which led me to the Absolute Unseen which is the Essence
of the name “Huwa” (He). As soon as I entered this ocean my heart stopped beating
and my life ended. I was in the state of death. All those around me started crying
thinking that I had died. However after about six hours I was ordered to return to my
body. I could see my soul re-entering my body slowly and then the vision ended”.
Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral) also says that he received secrets from all sides
and specially from Uways al-Qarani (ral) who he says influenced him to give up worldly
things and to attach himself to spiritual matters. He says, “I did this by keeping to the
sunnah and the orders of the Prophet Muhammad (sal)until I began spreading the
unseen knowledge and the granted secrets from the Unique Oneness that no one
before me had ever shared”.
There is another interesting story related by this great Saint Shah Bahauddin
Naqshaband (ral) regarding his spiritual power. He says, “I went one day into the
desert with one of my sincere disciples named Muhammad Zahid. We started digging
with a pick axe and working but at the same time also discussing very deep states of
knowledge. We threw away the pick axes as were got deeper and deeper into this
subject. Then he suddenly asked me, “to what limit does worship reach,” I replied,
“worship reaches to such a level that you will be able to point out at someone and say
“die” and then he will die.” As I said this I unconsciously pointed at Muhammad Zahid.
When I said the word “die”, to my horror he fell down dead. From sunrise up to mid day
the time passed and he still remained dead. At mid day it got very hot and the body
started deteriorating due to the intense heat. I did not know what to do and was afraid
and confused. All I could do was pull him towards the shade under a tree. I then sat
down and started thinking and contemplating as to what I should do in this situation.
Suddenly Divine Inspiration came to me and I said pointing to him “Oh Muhammad
Live!” three times. To my joy his soul slowly started to return to his body and then he
gradually returned to his original state. I quickly went to my sheikh and told him about
this incident to which he replied, “Oh my son, Allah Almighty has given you a secret
which he has not given to anyone else”.
In his last days Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral) was confined mostly to his room.
Many were the people who came to see him. Crowds thronged to see him as his illness
became graver. When his time began to draw near he ordered the sura yasin to be
recited. When this was finished he raised his hands to Allah Almighty and then also
raised up his finger and recited the Shahada Kalima, bearing witness to the One God
and the messenger hood of the Prophet Muhammad (sal). With this his soul returned
to Allah. The date was the 3rd of Rabi-al-Awwal, 791 AH/1388 CE, on a Monday night.
As he had requested, he was buried in his own garden. Regarding this a great Saint
of the time Abd al Wahab ash-Sharani said, “when the sheikh was buried in his grave a
window to paradise was opened for him, making his grave a paradise from heaven. Two
beautiful spiritual beings came and greeted him saying, “We have been waiting to serve
you from the time that Allah created us and now the time has come for us to serve you,”
to which Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral) had replied, “I am not in need of looking at
anything other than Him. I do not need you, I need Him”. This is how the passing away
and the burial of this great Sheikh has been described. Such was the greatness of the
Pir or the Pillar of the most distinguished Naqshabandi Tariqa. This Tariqa was before
his time called “Siddiqiya”. After Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral), however it came
to be known as the Naqshbandiyya Tariqa.
May Allah Almighty Bless Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral).
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