Moulana Sheikh Nazim says of Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral),

    “Shah Naqshaband, Imam ut Tariqa is the Pir.   Pir means the Imam.  Imam means the
    Pillar.  He is the main Pillar for our Tariqa.  May Allah bless him and give his blessing to
    all of us in this world and in the hereafter.  Shah Naqshaband says “Thareeqathun
    isthufal khalqa jamee-an”.  We are trying to be followers and to follow.  It is a lovely and
    easy way to power.  There is an engine running in front of the train.  All heavy work is
    done by that engine.  Behind this engine there are several other wagons that are
    joined to each other in a chain, but the main power comes through that engine, the one
    that is in front of the train.  As the other wagons are joined to the engine, they move
    with the engine.  Where the engine goes it takes along the wagons.  Even though the
    wagons or the followers have no power of their own, where the engine goes, they too
    can travel.  They can also travel to the destination of the engine.  Therefore, every
    Tariqat has an Imam of the Tariqat.” The Imam-ut-Tariqa has been given the power to
    carry people from Asfala safileena ilaa a’laa illiyyeen – from the lowest to the highest
    stations.  By ourselves to achieve this is impossible.  You cannot fly without a plane.  
    However with a plane you can even go from one continent to another.  Therefore, you
    must use these means to go from your low level to the higher levels”

    Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral) was born in the village of Qasr al-Arifan near
    Bukhara in the year 711 AH/1317 CE.  He is reported to have had miraculous powers
    even during his childhood. When he was still a youth Muhammad Baba as Samasi, a
    Sheikh of the Naqshabandi Tariqa asked for him and to fulfill this request he went to
    the village of Samas in order to serve him.  Of this period of time Shah Bahauddin (ral),
    has this to say,


    “Rising in the morning hours at least three hours before fajr I would perform the sunnah
    prayers and thereafter in the position of sajda (prostration) ask Allah Almighty to give
    me the power to carry the pain of His Divine love.  Thereafter I would pray salat ul fajr
    with my Sheikh.  It seems that my Sheikh was aware of my supplication, for he told me,
    “You will have to change your method of supplication as Allah Almighty does not like His
    servants to ask for difficulties.  He might however in order to test his creatures give
    them some difficulties.  This is different.  The servant should not however ask to be in
    difficulties because this will not be showing proper respect to Allah Almighty.  Therefore
    change your supplication and instead say “to this weak servant of Yours, oh my Lord
    grant Your pleasure”.

    “After the death of Sheikh Muhammad Baba Samasi I went to Bukhara and also got
    married there.  I lived in Qasr al-Arifan near Seyyid Amir Kulal in order to serve him.”  It
    is related that Sheikh Baba Samasi had a long time ago told Seyyid Amir Kulal to take
    good care of Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband.


    Shah Bahauddin (ral) relates of a vision that he had. “When I was in seclusion with a
    friend of mine the heaven suddenly opened and a great vision came to me.  In this
    vision I heard a voice say, “Leave everyone and come to Our Presence alone”.  I
    began to tremble and ran away from that place to where there was a river and threw
    myself into it.  I washed my clothes and then prayed two rakaat’s of prayer in a manner
    that I had never prayed before as I felt that I was praying in the very Divine Presence.  
    Unveiling was taking place in my heart and it was opening to everything.  The entire
    universe vanished and I was not conscious of anything other than praying in His Divine

    There is also a very unusual story about this very great saint Shah Bahauddin
    Naqshaband (ral).  Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral) relates about this incident, “At
    the beginning of my state of attraction I was asked as to why I was entering on this
    path.  I answered “so that whatever I say and want will happen” I was answered, “It
    cannot be like that, whatever We say and whatever We want is what will happen” to
    which I replied, “I cannot agree to that”.  I must be able to say and to do whatever I like;
    if this is not going to be the way then I have no need for this path”.  Then I received the
    answer, “no it is whatever We desire to be said and whatever We desire to be done,
    that must be said and done”.  To this I replied again “whatever I say and whatever I do
    should be the way”.  After this I was left alone.  

    For fifteen days I was left alone.  This made me go into a deep state of depression.
    Then suddenly to my joy I heard a voice saying, “Oh Bahauddin, it is as you wish We
    will grant to you whatever that you wish”.  I asked for my wish which was “give me a way
    which will lead all who travel on it directly to the Divine Presence.”  Then I experienced
    a great vision and heard “You have been granted what you have asked for”.  This story
    is unusual as everyone complies with the Divine Orders and does not ask for what they
    wish. Generally it would be considered discourteous to refuse to accept the Divine
    Orders and insist on wanting what one wants.  Yet after the initial refusal Shah
    Bahauddin (ral) was granted his request. It may be that because he asked on behalf of
    others and not for himself that what he wanted was granted.  This then was the
    consideration that Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral) had for others and this we
    assumed was the reason that this request was granted.

    There is another interesting story about how Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral) was
    tested by his Sheikh.  This test was a heavy one.  Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral)
    relates this incident, “Once I was in a state of divine attraction where I was not
    conscious of myself and I was moving about not knowing what I was doing.  At nightfall I
    found myself bleeding in both my feet which were torn and pricked with thorns.  Then I
    felt that I should go to the house of my Sheikh, Seyyid Amir Kulal.  It was biting cold in
    the night and the night too was dark with no moon or stars.  To prevent the cold I had
    nothing on me but an old leather cloak.  Then I arrived at my sheikh’s house and saw
    him together with his friends and followers.  He saw me and told his followers, “take him
    out of my house, I do not wanting him in my house”, so the followers came and put me
    out of the house. I could not bear it”.  

    “I felt that my ego was going to defeat me and that it would take over my feelings by
    trying to poison me concerning the trust I had in my Sheikh.  How could I carry this
    disgrace and humiliation?  Then the Divine Mercy came upon me which made me able
    to carry this insult in the cause of Allah and in the cause of my Sheikh.  I firmly told my
    ego, “I am not going to allow you to make me lose the love and trust for my Sheikh”.

    “I then felt a deep depression overcome me.  I held fast to the state of humbleness, put
    my head down on the entrance of my Sheik’s house and swore that I would not remove
    it from there until he accepted me one more time.  I could feel the snow and the cold
    wind going right through my bones which were making me shiver and tremble in this
    cold dark night.  There was not even the light of the moon or the stars for consolation
    and warmth.  I almost froze.  It was only the warmth of the love that I had for Allah
    Almighty and my Sheikh that kept me warm.”  


    “I waited in this condition until the break of day. Then my Sheikh stepped out and
    without seeing me his foot trod on my head.  When my sheikh saw that this was me, he
    quickly took me into his house and with great concern and care he started pulling out
    the thorns from my feet, he said “Oh my son you have been today dressed with the
    dress of happiness and the dress of Divine Love.  This dress which your have been
    adorned with neither my Sheikh before me nor I have been dressed in such a manner.  
    Allah is happy with you and the Prophet Muhammad (sal)is happy with you.  The Saints
    of the Golden Chain are also all happy with you”.

    “While pulling the thorns out of my feet and washing my wounds my Sheikh poured into
    my heart such knowledge that I had never before experienced.  Then in a vision I saw
    myself entering into the secret of Muhammad ur Rasolullah.  This was entering into the
    secret of the verse that is the Reality of Muhammad. Thereafter this led me on to enter
    into the secret of la ilaha illallah which is the secret of the Uniqueness of Allah.  This in
    turn led me to enter the secrets of Allah Almighty’s names and attributes that are in the
    secret of the Oneness of Allah. It is not possible for words to explain this state.  This
    can only be experienced by tasting through the heart”.

    Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral) was trained by Baba as Samasi and Seyyid Amir
    Kulal both of whom are great Sheikhs of the Golden Chain of the Naqshbandi order.  
    He was also trained by another very big Grandsheikh of this very same Golden Chain.  
    This incident is referred to by Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband in the following story,  “At
    the start of my journey on the Sufi way I used to wander at night from one place to
    another in the suburbs of Bukhara.  In order to learn a lesson from the dead I used to
    visit many cemeteries in the darkness of night and this was also specially during the
    winter.  One night I went over to visit the burial place of Sheikh Ahamed al Kashghari
    and to recite fatiha for him.  When I went to his grave I found there two men waiting for
    me.  I had never met them before.  They had a horse with them.  They made me sit on
    the horse and tied on my belt two swords, then they directed this horse to the tomb of
    Sheikh Mazdakhin.  We then dismounted from our horses and entered the tomb and
    the mosque of this sheikh and started meditation.  

    “While meditating I saw in a vision the wall facing the kabah come crashing down.  A big
    made man was seated on a huge throne.  He was gigantic.  I felt familiar with him as if I
    had met him before.  Whichever way I turned my face I would see this person.  Around
    this person were my Sheikhs Baba Samasi and Seyyid Amir Kulal together with a large
    crowd.  I felt a love for this huge man and at the same time I felt afraid of him.  I had
    awe and fear of his presence and love and attraction for his beauty.  I was asking
    myself who could this great and gigantic man be.  Suddenly I heard a person from the
    crowd around this man saying “this man is your Sheikh and he looked after you on your
    spiritual path. He looked at your soul when it was still an atom in the Divine Presence.  
    You have been under his training. His name is Abdul Khaliq Al Gujadawani and the
    crowd that you see around him are the Saints who carry his great secrets, the secrets
    of the Golden Chain.  Then this Sheik began to point to each Sheikh and say, “this is
    Sheik Ahmed, this is Arif Rawakri, this is Sheikh Ali Ramitani, this is your Sheikh Baba
    as Samasi who gave you his cloak during his lifetime.  He asked me, “Do you know
    him”.  I replied “yes”.  Then he said, “The cloak that he gave you is still in your house
    and with his blessings Allah Almighty has removed from you many troubles”.  


    “Then another voice said “the Sheikh who is sitting on the throne will be teaching you
    something that you will need while traveling on this path.  I asked them whether they
    would allow me to touch his hand. This was allowed and I took his hand.  Then he
    began to tell me about the path, its beginning, middle and end”.  He said, “You have to
    adjust the wick of yourself so that the light of the invisible can be strengthened in you
    and its secrets can be seen. You have to show constancy and you have to keep firmly
    the Divine Law of the Prophet Muhammed (sal) in all your states”.   He also said, “You
    have to dispense with comfort and keep away from innovation and make your kiblah the
    traditions of the Prophet Muhammad (sal).  You have to go into and investigate the life
    of the Prophet Muhammed (sal)and his companions.  You must ask people to read and
    to follow the Quran both during the day and night and to do the compulsory prayers
    and all the sunnah worship.  Do not overlook even the tiniest thing of the Prophet
    Muhammad’s (sal) deeds and good works”.

    “As soon as Abd al-Khaliq al-Ghujadawani (ral) finished, his khalifs told me “so that you
    can be certain of this vision he will be sending you a sign”.  He was told that certain
    things and incidents would happen and as to what he had to do, as and when they
    happened.  Likewise these incidents took place in the manner described to him and
    Shah Bahauddin (ral) also acted in the manner that he was instructed to act, thus
    fulfilling the truth of this vision.  He was also asked to take the cloak of Azizan to Seyyid
    Amir Kulal (ral). After this vision ended I went to my house on the next day and looked
    for the cloak and asked my family as to its whereabouts.  They told me, “it has been
    here for a long time”, and brought and gave it to me.  I started crying inside when I saw
    the cloak.  

    After the fulfillment of all the things that was said in his vision, as ordered I took the
    cloak of Azizan to Sheikh Seyyid Amir Kulal (ral) and gave it to him.  After some silence
    Sheikh Amir Kulal told me, “I was told about this cloak of Azizan last night and that you
    would bring it to me.  I have been ordered to keep it in ten different layers of covering”.  
    He then asked me to come into his room and taught me and placed in my heart the
    silent zikr.  I was asked to keep to this zikr day and night.  I kept to this silent zikr which
    is the highest form of zikr.  I also went to the external scholars to study the Divine Law
    and the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad (sal) and also to study about the
    character of the Prophet Muhammad (sal)and his companions.  I followed the orders
    that were given to me in my vision and my life took on a big change.  All what was
    taught to me by Sheikh Abd al-Khaliq al-Gujadawani (ral) in the vision benefited me and
    bore fruit.   His spirit always accompanied me and taught me”. Sheikh Abd al-Khaliq al-
    Ghujadawani (ral) was also one of the masters of Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral)
    although he lived a long time before the time of Shah Naqshaband (ral).  This
    connection is known as the Uvaisi Connection which means that the guide is spiritually
    connected and guides, although he is from another time. Sheikh Abd al-Khaliq al-
    Ghujadawani (ral) is also a Master of the Golden Chain of Masters.

    Shah Bahauddin Naqshband (ral) also followed and learned from Mawlana Arif ad-Din
    Karani for a period of seven years.  After which he followed Mawlana Kuthum Shaykh
    for many years.  He also kept the company of Dervish Khalil Ghirani about whom he
    said, “in his company new unseen knowledge was opened to my heart and he always
    looked after me, praised me and lifted me up”.  There was another lover of Allah about
    whom Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral) talks, “He ordered me to help and serve the
    poor and needy and to help the broken hearted.  He asked me to be humble and to
    keep to tolerance.  He also told me to take care of animals and to cure their deceases
    and to clean their wounds and also to help them find their food”.

    Shah Bahauddin Naqshband (ral) refers to another incident regarding the cloak of
    Azizan.  “One day I was in my garden and around me were my disciples.   I was wearing
    the cloak of Azizan.  I suddenly felt overwhelmed by heavenly blessings and attraction
    and I felt that I was adorned and dressed with Allah Almighty’s attributes.  I began
    shaking in a way that I had never experienced before so much so that I could not
    remain standing.  I then saw a great vision in which I was totally annihilated and I could
    not see anything other than the Existence of my Lord.  

    Then I saw myself coming out from His Divine Presence reflected through the mirror of
    Muhammad ur Rasoolullah which was in the form of a star in an ocean of light without
    beginning and without end.  My external life ceased to be and I saw the meaning of la
    ilaha illallah Muhammad ur Rasoolullah.  This in turn led me to the meaning of the
    Essence of the name “Allah” which led me to the Absolute Unseen which is the Essence
    of the name “Huwa” (He).  As soon as I entered this ocean my heart stopped beating
    and my life ended.  I was in the state of death.  All those around me started crying
    thinking that I had died.  However after about six hours I was ordered to return to my
    body.  I could see my soul re-entering my body slowly and then the vision ended”.

    Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral) also says that he received secrets from all sides
    and specially from Uways al-Qarani (ral) who he says influenced him to give up worldly
    things and to attach himself to spiritual matters.  He says, “I did this by keeping to the
    sunnah and the orders of the Prophet Muhammad (sal)until I began spreading the
    unseen knowledge and the granted secrets from the Unique Oneness that no one
    before me had ever shared”.

    There is another interesting story related by this great Saint Shah Bahauddin
    Naqshaband (ral) regarding his spiritual power.  He says, “I went one day into the
    desert with one of my sincere disciples named Muhammad Zahid.  We started digging
    with a pick axe and working but at the same time also discussing very deep states of
    knowledge.  We threw away the pick axes as were got deeper and deeper into this
    subject.  Then he suddenly asked me, “to what limit does worship reach,” I replied,
    “worship reaches to such a level that you will be able to point out at someone and say
    “die” and then he will die.”  As I said this I unconsciously pointed at Muhammad Zahid.  
    When I said the word “die”, to my horror he fell down dead.  From sunrise up to mid day
    the time passed and he still remained dead.  At mid day it got very hot and the body
    started deteriorating due to the intense heat.  I did not know what to do and was afraid
    and confused.  All I could do was pull him towards the shade under a tree.  I then sat
    down and started thinking and contemplating as to what I should do in this situation.  
    Suddenly Divine Inspiration came to me and I said pointing to him “Oh Muhammad
    Live!” three times.  To my joy his soul slowly started to return to his body and then he
    gradually returned to his original state.  I quickly went to my sheikh and told him about
    this incident to which he replied, “Oh my son, Allah Almighty has given you a secret
    which he has not given to anyone else”.

    In his last days Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral)  was confined mostly to his room.  
    Many were the people who came to see him.  Crowds thronged to see him as his illness
    became graver.  When his time began to draw near he ordered the sura yasin to be
    recited.  When this was finished he raised his hands to Allah Almighty and then also
    raised up his finger and recited the Shahada Kalima, bearing witness to the One God
    and the messenger hood of the Prophet Muhammad (sal).  With this his soul returned
    to Allah.  The date was the 3rd of Rabi-al-Awwal, 791 AH/1388 CE, on a Monday night.
    As he had requested, he was buried in his own garden.  Regarding this a  great Saint
    of the time Abd al Wahab ash-Sharani said, “when the sheikh was buried in his grave a
    window to paradise was opened for him, making his grave a paradise from heaven. Two
    beautiful spiritual beings came and greeted him saying, “We have been waiting to serve
    you from the time that Allah created us and now the time has come for us to serve you,”
    to which Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral) had replied, “I am not in need of looking at
    anything other than Him.  I do not need you, I need Him”.  This is how the passing away
    and the burial of this great Sheikh has been described.  Such was the greatness of the
    Pir or the Pillar of the most distinguished Naqshabandi Tariqa.  This Tariqa was before
    his time called “Siddiqiya”.  After Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral), however it came
    to be known as the Naqshbandiyya Tariqa.  

                    May Allah Almighty Bless Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral).
Imam ut Tariqa

Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband
Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband's (ral) Mausoleum
Mausoleum of Shah Bahuddin Naqshband (ral)
The tomb of  Sheikh Muhammad  Baba as Samasi (ral)
The tomb of  Sheikh Sayyid Amir Kulal (ral)
Mausoleum of Shah Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral)
The Tomb of Sheikh Abd al Khaliq Ghujadawani (ral)
The tomb and monument of Shah
Bahauddin Naqshaband (ral)